Than dangerously high blood pressure during pregnancy
Even in the early stages of pregnancy, an increase in blood pressure is a dangerous factor that can cause preeclampsia. This unpredictable disease can stimulate the malfunctioning of various important ones, including the cardiovascular and circulatory systems. The disease develops as a result of the production of substances by the placenta, which form microperforations in the vessels( through which the protein and plasma fluid enter the tissues).This causes the appearance of swelling on the legs, hands, placenta. Edema last threatens serious consequences for the fetus.
Even in cases when high pressure in pregnant women does not cause preeclampsia, the pathological condition cannot be ignored. It is not for nothing that the staff of the antenatal clinic pays great attention to monitoring changes in blood pressure in pregnant women: as a result of pressure surges in the vessels of the placenta and fetus, the blood circulation between the woman and the baby is reduced( this is called fetoplacental insufficiency).This leads to a lack of oxygen, nutrients and may result in a delay in fetal development.
Early Pregnancy Pressure During
The restructuring of the hormonal background, which occurs actively at the beginning of pregnancy, affects the entire body of a woman, including the circulatory and vascular systems. As a result, increased blood pressure during early pregnancy is not uncommon. However, the dial of the tonometer should not show more than 120/80 mm Hg. Art., otherwise the development of the fetus may not happen as laid down by nature.
Anxiety in the expectant mother should cause blood pressure 140/90 and above, which is noted regularly. Such evidence suggests hypertension( gestational or chronic).In the latter case, the abnormalities are caused by any pathologies that a woman has( often kidney disease or endocrine disorders).In gestational hypertension, a violation of the indicator of blood pressure directly causes pregnancy, and, as a rule, at the end of the second trimester.
At the initial stage, hypertension of the gestational type is extremely dangerous because it causes vasoconstriction, as a result of which the necessary substances coming to the embryo are reduced. As a result of this pathological state of development of the fetus may be delayed. In addition, a possible consequence of the disease in the first trimester is miscarriage.
High latency pressure during pregnancy
Various pathological conditions can cause abnormal blood pressure in the last trimester. Doctors associate increased pressure during pregnancy in the later stages with gestosis, a complication characterized by the accumulation of fluid in the future mother's body. Since normal hypertension is difficult to distinguish from preeclampsia, with the appearance of edema, dizziness, tinnitus and other specific symptoms, it is necessary to immediately see a doctor.
As a result of regular fluctuations in blood pressure, the vascular tone increases, which threatens to impair blood circulation in the placenta and may cause serious disturbances in the prenatal development of the baby. As a rule, the pathology develops after the twentieth week of pregnancy, but in exceptional cases it occurs in the initial periods. The factors that increase the likelihood of hypertension in pregnant women are:
- pathology of the biliary tract or kidneys;
- age of the woman;
- thyroid malfunction;
- traumatic brain injury.
Norm pressure during pregnancy
Nearly half of pregnant women have problems with pressure. Normal pressure during pregnancy may vary slightly, but does not go beyond the permissible, while the optimal is 120/80 mm Hg. Art. In young women, the rate will be up to 130/85 mm Hg. Art.- such a blood pressure is not capable of causing harm to the fetus or adversely affect the health of the future mother. Doctors strongly advise to monitor the pressure during the carrying of the child and every week to record the readings of the tonometer in a notebook. If blood pressure rises periodically, it should be measured daily.
How to reduce the pressure during pregnancy without medication:
- taking folk remedies;
- through diet;
- with massages, yoga and other techniques.
Pills for pressure during pregnancy
If, before the onset of pregnancy, a woman has had problems with pressure before, then it is likely that she already has pills in her first-aid kit that help normalize blood pressure. However, it is forbidden to drink them without consulting a doctor, since these drugs can cause irreparable harm to the fetus or even cause a miscarriage. Without urgent need, doctors do not advise taking pressure drugs during pregnancy.
How to reduce blood pressure during pregnancy? If the woman’s health condition is not critical, the doctor prescribes the use of mild sedatives such as valerian or motherwort and the use of diuretic drugs. If such drugs are not effective, Dopegit or Papazol tablets are used to treat hypertension, which should be taken in a course of 10 days. For planned therapy, nifedipine and metaprolol are prescribed. In addition, in order to achieve normal blood pressure, no-shpa and papaverine can be used additionally.
Find out more about how you can take pregnant tablets to reduce pressure.
Products that reduce the pressure during pregnancy
Liquid retains in the body animal fats and salt, so in hypertension it is important to limit the consumption of products containing these substances. To bring down high blood pressure, you need to properly form your diet, excluding food from it, which can adversely affect the state of the heart and blood vessels. It is forbidden to use:
- strong black tea;
- fatty meats;
- fried food;
- sugar and products containing it;
- smoked meats.
It is impossible to achieve a rapid reduction in blood pressure with a balanced diet. What foods reduce blood pressure during pregnancy? These include:
- cranberry juice, cranberry juice and fresh berries;
- vegetables - carrot, pumpkin, spinach, beet, cabbage;
- any fruit.
Ways to reduce pressure without drugs
If a pregnant woman has a moderately elevated blood pressure, the tonometer indicator can be reduced to normal values, even without taking medication. How to reduce pressure without pills during pregnancy? The first thing to do is to normalize your own daily routine: more often go out into the fresh air, eat at the same time, play sports, ensure yourself a good rest.
In addition, be sure to balance the diet, filling it with foods high in vitamins. It is important to drink enough water( you need to drink at least 1.5 liters per day).How to reduce the pressure during pregnancy at home? There are many effective ways to normalize blood pressure:
- taking a cool shower;
- yoga classes, gymnastics for pregnant women( it is important to take into account the gestation period up to weeks - the load should be moderate);
- active lifestyle, including frequent walks;
- acupressure of the base of the skull;
- massaging, stretching the fingers( do it every day or even several times a day).
How to reduce the pressure during pregnancy with folk remedies
Since drugs for pressure during pregnancy are extremely undesirable, treatment of hypertension is often carried out using alternative medicine methods. Despite the fact that they are inferior in effectiveness to medicines, with systematic use they help to remove the signs of hypertension and avoid preeclampsia and preeclampsia. How can you reduce the pressure during pregnancy? For this purpose, the following remedies for pregnant pressure are used:
- Cranberry medicine. Squeeze juice out of a glass of berries, fill the cake with boiling water and put on slow fire for 5 minutes. Strain the broth and boil it 3 tsp.semolina( it will take 15 minutes), adding 4 tbsp.lSahara. Beat the mixture using a blender, mix with cranberry juice. To reduce the pressure, take the tool for 3 tsp.several times a day.
- Corn grits against blood pressure during pregnancy. To gently reduce the pressure, take a mixture of ground product with warm water( 6 tablespoons are needed per cup).It is necessary to use the means infused during the day before meals.
- Pumpkin decoction.200 g pumpkin boil, chop, mix with 1 tbsp.lhoneyTake a tasty mass to reduce blood pressure during pregnancy.
Video: Increased pressure in pregnant women
Hypertension is a common problem in pregnant women. It is dangerous to ignore the pathology, since such deviations can harm not only the mother, but also the fetus. The main difficulty in this is that the majority of pills that can reduce pressure, are contraindicated in carrying a child.